In today's competitive world, you need money for everything from funding your own business to paying for the education of your children. One of the first thoughts that comes to one's mind is,
"Where do I get the money from?"
Today, there are several ways in which a person can source money but one of the easiest ways is to take up a loan. And one such loan that is available to people today is the 'loan against property'.
The first thing to do would be to understand what a 'loan against property' is ?
A 'loan against property' in simple language is a loan which is disbursed or sanctioned against the mortgage of one's property. The property which is being mortgaged by one can be any property which is occupied by the person or rented out to someone for use. The property can be both in the form of a flat or in the form of a piece of land.
Banks will specify different eligibility criteria for one to be able to take up such a loan. Some of the criteria include a study to ensure that a person's finances are of sound nature. The bank undertakes a study as to how much you earn, how your savings are, as well as the debts you have. A check will also be done to make sure that you have cleared all previous loans and that you have a clean record when it comes to making credit card payments.
Starting the process
If you want to take a loan against property, the first thing you need to do is to shop around for a lender. Use the internet to learn about the eligibility criteria of a LAP and this is likely to vary from one bank to the other. In general, most banks would ask for the following -
- Your income/savings details and also information of the debt obligations that you have.
- Cost of the property that you intend to mortgag.
- Your credit record.
- Repayment track record of loans taken prior to this.
- Application: The loan application sets the ball rolling in a LAP. Select your lender and fill up the loan application form with necessary details.
- Processing: After you apply, the bank starts processing your application, whereby the loan procedure starts moving. Your lender can also call you over for a discussion. Carry original documents with you when you go for it. Following this, the bank will conduct a field investigation of the matter and verify the documents presented by you. Documents required are usually income proof, age proof, address proof, identification proof, property papers, and employment details. When you submit your credit documents to the bank, you might have to shell out a processing fee as well, which is 1-2% of the desired loan value. The bank can also ask for an upfront fee for miscellaneous expenses.
- Loan sanction: Once the bank has verified your financial credentials, it will work out a loan eligibility amount for you, which is put up in an offer letter along with terms and conditions and mailed across to you. You can accept the loan if it fits your bill by putting your signature on the acceptance copy.
- Legal check and valuation: The bank will now conduct a legal check on the property that you intend to mortgage and evaluate it. Keep the property papers and No Objection Certificates (NOCs) ready for scrutiny.
- Loan disbursal: If everything is in place and the bank is convinced of your loan repayment capacity, it disburses the loan through a Demand Draft (DD) or a cheque.
When you plan to take a LAP, consider your pay-off capacities very well, as, if you are unable to pay it back in full, you stand at the risk of losing your mortgaged property to the bank.